Creatine is a naturally occurring compound found in small amounts in foods like meat and fish. It is also available as a dietary supplement and has gained popularity among athletes and fitness enthusiasts due to its potential health and performance benefits. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore ten benefits of creatine supplementation for both health and athletic performance.

Increased Muscle Strength and Power:

One of the most well-known benefits of creatine is its ability to enhance muscle strength and power. Creatine supplementation has been shown to increase muscle phosphocreatine stores, leading to improved energy availability during high-intensity exercise. This can result in enhanced strength, power, and performance, particularly during activities that require short bursts of intense effort, such as weightlifting or sprinting.

Enhanced Exercise Performance:

Creatine has been extensively studied for its potential to improve exercise performance across various sports and activities. Research suggests that creatine supplementation can enhance performance in activities that involve repetitive, high-intensity efforts, such as cycling, sprinting, and jumping. It may also improve performance during resistance training by increasing the number of repetitions performed, reducing fatigue, and enhancing overall training capacity.

Creatine supplementation has been associated with increased muscle mass, particularly in resistance-trained individuals. It can promote muscle protein synthesis, leading to greater gains in lean body mass over time. This benefit is particularly relevant for individuals looking to increase muscle size and improve body composition.

Improved High-Intensity Exercise Capacity:

Creatine has been shown to improve high-intensity exercise capacity, allowing individuals to sustain their performance for longer durations. It can enhance the body’s ability to regenerate adenosine triphosphate (ATP), the primary energy source for muscle contractions during intense exercise. By increasing the availability of ATP, creatine supplementation can delay fatigue and improve performance during high-intensity activities.

Enhanced Anaerobic Endurance:

Creatine supplementation has demonstrated benefits for anaerobic endurance activities, which rely on energy sources other than oxygen. It can improve performance in short-duration, high-intensity activities that primarily rely on the phosphagen system, such as repeated sprints, jumping, or throwing. By replenishing phosphocreatine stores more rapidly, creatine supplementation can delay fatigue and improve anaerobic endurance.

Accelerated Recovery:

Creatine has been shown to enhance the recovery process following intense exercise. It can reduce muscle damage and inflammation, as well as enhance glycogen replenishment. This means that creatine supplementation may help athletes recover faster between training sessions or competitions, allowing for more frequent and higher-quality workouts.

Neuroprotective Effects:

Beyond its benefits for physical performance, creatine has shown potential neuroprotective effects. It acts as an antioxidant and may help protect brain cells from oxidative stress and age-related decline. Additionally, creatine supplementation has been investigated for its potential benefits in various neurological conditions, such as Parkinson’s disease, Huntington’s disease, and traumatic brain injury.

Increased Bone Mineral Density:

Emerging research suggests that creatine may have positive effects on bone health. Studies have shown that creatine supplementation can increase bone mineral density, potentially reducing the risk of osteoporosis and related fractures. These findings are particularly relevant for older adults and individuals at risk of age-related bone loss.

Improved Muscle Function in Age-Related Muscle Loss:

Creatine supplementation has shown promise in mitigating age-related muscle loss, a condition known as sarcopenia. It can help preserve muscle mass and strength in older adults, leading to improved overall physical function and quality of life. Creatine’s ability to support muscle protein synthesis and enhance cellular energy production may contribute to these benefits.

Enhanced Cognitive Function:  

There is growing evidence suggesting that creatine supplementation may also have cognitive benefits. Research has shown that creatine can improve cognitive performance, particularly in tasks that require quick thinking, memory, and mental processing speed. It is believed that creatine’s ability to support energy metabolism in the brain and increase neurotransmitter levels may contribute to these cognitive enhancements.It’s important to note that while creatine has shown numerous potential benefits, individual responses may vary. Not everyone may experience the same degree of improvement, and the effectiveness of creatine supplementation can depend on factors such as dosage, duration, training status, and individual variability.

Dosage and Safety Considerations:

When considering creatine supplementation, it is essential to follow recommended guidelines and consult with a healthcare professional or registered dietitian. The typical loading phase for creatine involves consuming around 20 grams per day for 5-7 days, followed by a maintenance phase of 3-5 grams per day. It is crucial to stay hydrated when supplementing with creatine, as it may cause water retention in some individuals.

Creatine supplementation is generally considered safe for healthy individuals when used as directed. However, certain precautions should be taken. People with pre-existing kidney or liver conditions, as well as those taking medications that may interact with creatine, should consult with their healthcare provider before starting supplementation. Additionally, long-term effects of creatine supplementation have not been extensively studied, so it’s recommended to use it for specific periods or cycles and take breaks to assess individual needs.

Food Sources of Creatine:

While creatine can be obtained from food sources, it is primarily found in animal products such as meat and fish. Red meat, poultry, and seafood like salmon, tuna, and herring are particularly rich sources of creatine. However, it is worth noting that the amount of creatine obtained from dietary sources may not be sufficient to provide the same performance benefits as supplementation.


Creatine supplementation has gained popularity for its potential health and performance benefits. It can enhance muscle strength, power, and exercise performance, increase muscle mass, improve high-intensity exercise capacity, and aid in recovery. Additionally, creatine has shown neuroprotective effects, potential benefits for bone health, and improved muscle function in age-related muscle loss. It may also enhance cognitive function and mental performance.

While creatine supplementation is generally safe, it’s important to consult with a healthcare professional before starting and to follow recommended dosage guidelines. Additionally, incorporating a balanced diet that includes natural sources of creatine, such as meat and fish, can provide smaller amounts of creatine.

Overall, creatine can be a valuable supplement for individuals looking to optimize their athletic performance, support muscle growth, and potentially experience cognitive benefits. As with any supplement, it’s important to consider individual needs, goals, and potential interactions with existing health conditions or medications. Consulting with a healthcare professional can provide personalized guidance and ensure safe and effective use of creatine.

Anastasia Filipenko

BSc Psychology, University of Birmingham, MSc Clinical Dermatology, University of Hertfordshire

Anastasia Filipenko is a health and wellness psychologist, dermatolist and a freelance writer. She frequently covers beauty and skincare, food trends and nutrition, health and fitness and relationships. When she’s not trying out new skincare products, you’ll find her taking a cycling class, doing yoga, reading in the park, or trying a new recipe.